Views: 1 Author: Site Editor Publish Time: 2023-06-02 Origin: Site
Generally speaking, silicone material can be divided into two categories based on its properties and components: organic silicone and inorganic silicone.
Inorganic silicone is a highly active adsorption material, usually prepared by reacting sodium silicate with sulfuric acid and undergoing a series of post-treatment processes such as aging and acid foaming. Silicon is an amorphous substance with the chemical formula mSiO2. nH2O. Insoluble in water and any solvent, non-toxic and odorless, chemically stable, and does not react with any substance except strong bases and hydrofluoric acid. Various types of silicone form different microporous structures due to their different manufacturing methods. The chemical composition and physical structure of silicone determine that it has many characteristics that other similar materials cannot replace: high adsorption performance, good thermal stability, stable chemical properties, high mechanical strength, etc. It is used as a desiccant, humidity regulator, deodorant, etc. in households; Industrial use as oil and hydrocarbon decolorizing agent, catalyst carrier, pressure swing adsorbent, etc; Fine chemical separation and purification agents, beer stabilizers, coating thickeners, toothpaste friction agents, matting agents, etc.
Organic silicone is a type of organic silicon compound, which refers to a compound containing Si-C bonds and at least one organic group directly connected to silicon atoms. Traditionally, compounds that connect organic groups to silicon atoms through oxygen, sulfur, nitrogen, etc. are also considered organic silicon compounds. Among them, polysiloxanes composed of silicon oxygen bonds (Si O-Si -) as the backbone are the most numerous, deeply studied, and widely used category of organic silicon compounds, accounting for over 90% of the total dosage.
Silicone rubber is composed of different fillers such as long-chain polysiloxane and fumed silica, which can be converted into silicone elastomers through curing. According to the different curing methods and the viscosity of the base polymer, silicone rubber can be divided into the following categories in addition to thermal and cold curing:
Solid silicone rubber (HTV) Liquid silicone rubber (LSR)
Two component silicone rubber (RTV-2) Silicone rubber (RTV-1)
Organic silicon gel
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